We need to understand that in 1991 it was not Ukraine who proclaimed itself an independent state but the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic and this form of state in majority is preserved till today. That is why the complex of ideological issues which promoted the stability of the union republic, in the independent state causes self-destruction. From 1992 to 2013, Ukraine was exceptionally evolutionising, rejecting any radical efforts, having entrusted everything to time, hoping that the Ukrainian Soviet Republic would evolve and would be gradually processed by the independent Ukraine. But the opposite has happened:
The soviet republic began to absorb the independent state. Back in those days, we should have given an honest and principled, legally and politically balanced assessment of the Soviet Republic from the standpoint of national interests, and to compare this fake object with such forms of state as the Ukrainian National Republic and the West – Ukrainian National Republic. This was not done.
So somewhere in the shade important issues were hidden, issues like: who are those who had destroyed the UNR and therefore can we consider the concept of a state concerning the USSR? Maybe it was a fake state under the protection of the USSR. Unfortunately, almost all of the Ukrainian leaders didn’t touch these fundamental issues.
It should be understood that the local party nomenclature did not want to create anything, trying to infinite their government, feeling comfortable without supervision by the Moscow Central Committee, the KGB and the Committee of party control, it means to perpetuate the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic without the Soviet Union. On the territory of Ukraine they needed a piece of old ideology, political systems and power structures, and not their complete removal and replacement by national institutions. Therefore, during the independence period, the ideological connections with the totalitarian past of the soviet period were not broken, and this past still exists in the mass public consciousness.
Sovietism (“sovok”) is preserved in our country almost completely – monuments to the monumental imperial communist propaganda disappeared only in Galichina, and on the majority of the Ukrainian territory anti-totalitarian law drafts were ignored. Ukraine, declaring its European choice, is still surrounded by communist idols. De-sovietism (overcoming sovok) is incompatible with the preservation of the cultural and historical totalitarian environment.
Historical consciousness of the past, till the Revolution of Dignity was dominant. It was reproduced by the media, education system and government. A significant role in the new soveitism of Ukraine was the cultivation of the myth of the “Great Patriotic War”, which became the most powerful factor in recovering the Communist (soviet) mass consciousness. These ideologies managed to hide the fact that Stalinism for Ukrainian was as terrible as Hitlerism. It is significant that Ukraine celebrated the 9th of May at a larger scale than August 24 – Independence Day.
The government was trying to keep the rhetoric around the “Great Patriotic War”, appealing for mercy, saying that such conflicts inflict emotional wounds to veterans. Yes, Ukraine has become a hostage of the part of the population which will hold on to the past till the end, and the politicians who use this mood. The latter was fueled by endless celebrations of the cities and villages liberation from Nazi invaders, which was served by the Yanukovych regime, clearly and completely as a positive fact, even though the “liberation” – meant returning to all of the Stalin’s attributes, the NKVD structures, kolkhoz slavery, tracking and denunciations, terror and powerlessness.
Yesterdays’s unresolved issues, are harming the country in its development today. The lack of a clear interpretation of the events of World War II causes inability to solve the problem of OUN and UPA and national identity, creating a fertile ground for Russia’s propaganda aimed at the internal affairs of the formation of Ukrainian’s national identity.
The post-soviet political thinking is characterized by abuse of power for enrichment, disrespect to the supremacy of law, special attention to the attributes and rituals of hierarchy, intolerance and willingness to change various institutions “for itself”. Also, privilege status (VIP rooms, escort), the need to create a propaganda of internal and external enemies , demagoguery and mask of “democracy” for the West. The old Soviet values, practices and standards are modified, combined, mixed up with Western equivalents, generating a new eclectic context that is no longer Soviet, but calling it Western or European is also not possible. It is post-Soviet.
“Solidarity of Right Forces” considers post-sovietism (sovok) as pathological status quo, which has to be overcome.